Short QT Syndrome


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Peer-Reviewed Publications:

Bjerregaard P, Hvidt S. The value of practolol in ischemic heart disease. Ugeskr Laeg 1971;133:49-53.

Bjerregaard P, Hvidt S. Practolol and propranolol. A comparative study. Ugeskr Laeg 1971;133:53-55.

Skovbo P, Bjerregaard P, et al. The extent of consumption of diuretics in a geographically limited population group of 48,657 individuals. Ugeskr Laeg 1972;134:165-169.

Skovbo P, Bjerregaard P, et al. Diuretics and hypokalemia. Ugeskr Laeg 1972;134:1043-1047.

Bjerregaard P. Sick sinus syndrome. Pacemaker treatment. Ugeskr Laeg 1979;143:2949-2951.

Bjerregaard P, Baandrup U. Heamangioendotheliosarcoma of the heart. Diagnosis and treatment. Br Heart J 1979;42:734-737.

Pedersen EB, Bjerregaard P, et al. Correlation between propranolol in plasma and urine, renin-aldosterone system and blood pressure in essential hypertension. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1981;20:251-258.

Bjerregaard P, Laursen H. Persistent left superior vena cava. Incidence, associated congenital heart defects and frontal plane P-wave axis in a pediatric population with congenital heart disease. Acta Paediatr Scand 1980;69:105-108.

Bjerregaard P. Distortions in the ECG caused by instruments for ambulatory electrocardiography. Biotelemetry and Patient Monitoring 1980;7:83-95.

Bjerregaard P. The quality of ambulatory ECG-recordings and accuracy of semiautomatic arrhythmia analysis. An evaluation of the Medilog-Pathfinder system. Eur Heart J 1980;1:417-427.

Reske-Nielsen E, Baandrup U, Bjerregaard P, Brun I. Cardiac involvement in Juvenile Amaurotic Idiocy – A specific heart muscle disorder. Acta Path Mocrobiol Scand 1981;89:387-365.

Andreasen F, Agerbaek H, Bjerregaard P, Gøtzsche H. Pharmacokinetics of amiodarone after intravenous and oral administration. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1981;19:293-299.

Bjerregaard P, Nielsen CE, Andreasen F, Gøtzsche H. Dose, concentration and effects of amiodarone. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1982;14:577-578.

Vesterby A, Bjerregaard P, et al. Sudden death in mitral valve prolapse; Associated atrioventricular pathways. Forensic Science International 1982;19:125-133.

Thomsen PEB, Gøtzsche H, Bjerregaard P. Acute and chronic clinical performance of a soft-tined pacemaker lead. 4th Nordic Pacemaker Congress, Norway 1982.

Bjerregaard P. Premature beats in healthy subjects 40-79 years of age. Eur Heart J 1982;3:493-503.

Nielsen CE, Andreasen F, Bjerregaard P. Amiodarone induced cornea verticillata. Acta Ophthal Scand 1983;61:474-480.

Bjerregaard P. Mean 24-hour heart rate, minimal heart rate and pauses in healthy subjects 40-79 years of age. Eur Heart J 1983;4:44-51.

Bagger JP, Thomsen PEB, Bjerregaard P, et al. Intracardiac electrography in patients before and after surgical repair of secundum atrial septal defect. J Electrocardiology 1984;1988:37-40.

Nüssler E, Klebe J, Olsen S, Bjerregaard P, Kongenitaler atrioventrikularer block – Intrauterine diagnosis und neonatale schrittmacherbehand. Z G Geburtsh u Perinat 1984;188:37-40.

Vejby-Christensen H, Bjerregaard P, et al. Clinical experience with amiodarone in the treatment of supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Ugeskr Laeg 1984;146:2308-2311.

Baandrup U, Rosenskjold B, Bjerregaard P. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in combination with juvenile amaurotic idiocy. Chance or fundamentally related findings? Br Heart J 1984;51:674-675

Sørsensen KE, Nüssler E, Bjerregaard P, Klebe JG. Transposition with atrioventricular discordance. A prenatal case study. J Cardiovasc Ultrasonography 1986;5(3):199-201.

Ascherman M, Bjerregaard P, Baandrup U, Villadsen AB. The eosinophile myocarditis confirmed by the endomyocardial biopsy. Cas Lek Ces 1986;125(4):122-123.

Emmertsen K, Bjerregaard P, Andreasen F. Amiodarone for refractory Supraventricular Tachycardias. Acta Med Scand 1987;221:435-439.

Mølgaard H, Bjerregaard P, Jørgensen HS, Klitgaard NA. 24-hour antiarrhythmic effect of conventional and slow-release verapamil in chronic atrial fibrillation. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1987;33:447-453.

Sørensen KE, Klebe T, Nüssler E, Bjerregaard P. Prenatal diagnoses and treatment of complete atrioventricular heart block. Ugeskr Laeg 1988;150:1602-1604.

Kjeldsen K, Bjerregaard P, et al. Na+, K+ -ATPase concentration in rodent and human heart and skeletal muscle: apparent relation to muscle performance. Cardiovasc Research 1988;22:95-100.

Nørgaard A, Bagger JP, Bjerregaard P, et al. Relation of left ventricular function and Na, K-pump concentration in suspected idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol 1988;61:1312-1315.

Thuesen L, Bjerregaard P, Efsen F, Jacobsen JR, Kristensen BO, Oxholm H, Sørensen KE, Thayssen P, Wennevold A. Percutaneouspulmonary balloon valvuloplasty in Denmark. Ugeskr Laeger 1989;151:2789-2791.

Thuesen L, Kristensen BO, Bjerregaard P. Percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty in a patient with mitral stenosis. Ugeskr Laeger 1989;151:2811-2812.

Mølgaard H, Sørensen KE, Bjerregaard P. Minimal heart rates and longest pauses in healthy adult subjects on two occasions eight years apart. Eur Heart J 1989;10:758-764.

Nørgaard A, Bjerregaard P, Baandrup U, Kjeldsen K, Reske-Nielsen E, and Thomsen PEB. The concentration of the Na, K-pump in skeletal and heart muscle in congestive heart failure. Int J Cardiol 1990;26:185-190.

Mølgaard H, Sørensen KE, Bjerregaard P. Lowest heart rate and pauses in adults with healthy hearts. Ugeskr Laeger 1990;152:1090-2.

Bjerregaard P, Sørensen KE, Mølgaard H. Predictive value of ventricular premature beats for subsequent ischemic heart disease in apparently healthy subjects. Eur Heart J 1991;12:597-601.

Mølgaard H, Sørensen KE, Bjerregaard P. Circadian variation and influence of risk factors on heart rate variability in healthy subjects. Am J Cardiol 1991;68:777-784.

Sørensen KE, Mølgaard H, Bjerregaard P. Premature ventricular beats in healthy adult subjects. Validity of prevalence data and long-term variability. Am J Noninv Cardiol 1991;5:248-251.

Mølgaard H, Sørensen KE, Bjerregaard P. Attenuated 24-hour heart rate variability in apparently healthy subjects, subsequently suffering sudden cardiac death. J Clin Autonomic Research 1991;1:233-237.

Mølgaard H, Sørensen KE, Bjerregaard P. Simple heart rate parameters. Their association and relation to later cardiac events in healthy subjects. Am J. Noninv Cardiol 1992;6:109-115.

Hilton T, Fredman C, Holt D, Bjerregaard P, Ira G, Janosik D. Electrophysiologic and antiarrhythmic effects of magnesium in patients with inducible ventricular tachycardia. Clin Cardiol 1992;15:176-180.

Janosik D, Genovely H, Fredman C, Bjerregaard P. Discrepancy between head-up tilt test results utilizing different protocols in the same patient. Am Hear J 1992;123(3):538-541.

Fredman C, Bjerregaard P, Janosik D, Barold S. Unusual Wenckebach upper rate response of an atrial-based DDD pacemaker. PACE 1992;15:975-78.

Mølgaard H, Mickley H, Pless P, Bjerregaard P, Miller M. Effects of Metroprolol on heart rate variability in survivors of acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 1993;71:1357-59.

Bjerregaard P, Gussak I, Kotar S. Recurrent syncope in a patient with prominent J-Wave. Am Heart J 1994;127:1426-30.

Mølgaard H, Hermansen K, Bjerregaard P. Spectral components of short-term RR interval variability in healthy subjects and effects of risk factors. Eur Heart J 1994;4:1174-1184.

Gussak I, Bjerregaard P, Egan TM, Chaitman BR. ECG phenomenon called the J-Wave. J Electrocardiol 1994;28 No. 1:1-10.

Underwood RD, Caracciolo E, Bjerregaard P, Gamache MC, Quattromani A, Janosik D. Syncope as the initial symptom of silent coronary vasospasm. Am Heart J 1994;128:1241-5.

Bourassa MG, Roubin GS, Detre KM, Sopko G, Krone R, Attabuto M, Bjerregaard P, Bolling S, Herman MV, Frye R, the BARI study group. Bypass angioplasty revascularization investigation: Patient screening, selection, and recruitment. Am J Cardiol 1995;75:3C-8C.

Bjerregaard P, Kotar SL, Gessler JE, Greenwalt TD. Comparison of various time domain methods used for evaluation of heart rate variability. J Amb Monit 1996;9:275-285.

Takase B, Bjerregaard P, Greenwalt T, Kotar S. Heart Rate Variability and Head-up Tilt Testing in patients with syncope of undetermined etiology. Jpn Circ J 1996;60:841-852.

Bleyer FL, Quattromani A, Caracciolo EA, Bjerregaard P. An aggressive approach in converting resistant atrial fibrillation. Am Heart J 1996;132:1304-1306.

Sharaf BL, Williams DO, Miele NJ, McMahon RP, Stone PH, Bjerregaard P, et al. For the ACIP investigators. Asymptomatic cardiac ischemia pilot (ACIP) study: Angiographic findings in patients with and without asymptomatic cardiac ischemia. J Am Coll Cardiol 1997;29:78-84.

Bjerregaard P, Gussak I, Antzelevitch C. The enigmatic ECG manifestation of Brugada Syndrome. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 1998;9(1):109-12

Bjerregaard P, El-Shafei A, Janosik DL, Schiller L, Quattromani A. Double external DC-shocks for refractory atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 1999;83:972-974.

Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Bjerregaard P, Towbin JA, Chaitman BR. The Brugada Syndrome: Clinical, electrophysiological and genetic aspects. J Am Coll Cardiol 1999;33:5-15.

Gussak I, Bjerregaard P, Zhou SH, Stocke K, Osada N, Yokoyama Y, Miller M, Islam S, Rautaharju P, Chaitman BR. Right bundle branch block as a cause for false-negative ECG classification of inferior myocardial infarction. J Electrocardiol 1999;32:275-280.

Gussak I, Lieb N, Bjerregaard P, Nouri S. Zimmerman F, Chaitman BR. Deceleration-dependent shortening of the QT interval: A new electrocardiographic phenomenon? Clin Cardiol 1999;22:124-126.

Gussak HM, Gellens ME, Gussak I, Bjerregaard P. QT-interval dispersion and its arrhythmogenis potential in hemodialyzed patients: methodological aspects. Nephron 1999;82:278

Gussak I, Brugada P, Brugada J, Wright RS, Kopecky SL, Chaitman BR, Bjerregaard P. Idiopathic Short QT Interval: A New Clinical Syndrome? Cardiology 2000;94(2):99-102

Gussak I, Wright RS, Bjerregaard P, Chaitman BR, Zhou SH, Hammill SC, Kopecky SL. False-Negative and False-positive ECG Diagnoses of Q Wave Myocardial Infarction in the Presence of Right Bundle-Branch Block. Cardiology 2000;94:165-172

Gussak I, Bjerregaard P, Hammill SC. Clinical diagnosis and risk stratification in patients with Brugada Syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001;37(6):1635-38

Bjerregaard P, Gussak I. Brugada Syndrome – 10 Years Later. J Electrocardiol 2002;35:85

Gussak I, Brugada P, Brugada J, Antzelevitch C, Osbakken M, Bjerregaard P. ECG Phenomenon of Idiopathic and Paradoxical Short QT Intervals. CEPR 2002;6:49-53

Bjerregaard P, Mølgaard H. Electrocardiographic Curiosities. A Patient with Biventricular Dysplasia. J Electrocardiol 2002;35

Bjerregaard P, El-Shafei A, Kotar SL, Labovitz J. ST Segment Analysis by Holter Monitoring. Methodological Considerations. Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology 2003;8(3):200-207

Bjerregaard P. Expert opinion: Profound Hypothermia mimicking Brugada type ECG. J Electrocardiol 2003;36(3):261

Bjerregaard P, Bailey WB, Robinson SE. Rate Control in Patients with Chronic Atrial Fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 2004;93:329-332

Gussak I, Bjerregaard P, Kostis J. Electrocardiographic “Lambda” Wave and Primary Idiopathic Cardiac Asystole: A New Clinical Syndrome? J Electrocardiol 2004:37(2):105-107

Hong K, Bjerregaard P, Gussak I, Brugada R. Short QT syndrome and atrial fibrillation caused by mutation in KCNH2. J Cardiovasc Electrophys 2005;16:393-396

Bjerregaard P, Gussak I. Short QT Syndrome.Mechanism, Diagnosis and Treatment. Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine 2005;2:84-89

Bjerregaard P, Gussak I. Review - Short QT Syndrome. A.N.E. 2005;10(4):436-440

Oliva A, Bjerregaard P, Hong K, Evans S, Vernooy K, Pfeiffer R, McCormack J, Brugada J, Brugada P, Pascali VL, Brugada R. Clinical Heterogeneity in Sodium Channelopathies. What is the meaning of carrying a genetic mutation? Cardiology 2008;110:116-122

Gussak I, Bjerregaard P. Electrical Storm in Acute Myocardial Infarction. Kardiol Pol 2008;66:877-878

Bjerregaard P. Case reports. J Electrocardiol 2008;41(2):83(Editorial)

Bjerregaard P. Brown T. Severely malfunctioning defibrillator with cardiac resynchronization therapy showing no abnormalities during testing with the programming head in place. Europace 2009;11(8):1112-1114

Shah RR, Bjerregaard P, Gussak I. Drug-induced QT interval shortening: an emerging component in integrated assessment of cardiac safety of drugs. J Electrocardiol 2010;43:386-389

Bjerregaard P. Nallapaneni H, Gussak I. Short QT interval in clinical practice. J Electrocardiol 2010;43:390-395

Letters to the Editor:

Bjerregaard P, la Cour Petersen E. Type A W.P.W. syndrome and mitral valve prolapse. Circulation 1977;56:136-137.

El-Shafei AG, Bjerregaard P. Long QT interval. Hosp Pract 1997;32(10)36

Bjerregaard P, Gussak I, Naming of the waves in the ECG with a brief account of their genesis. Circulation 199;100(25)el 48

Bjerregaard P. An illustration of how physicians continue to interpret electrocardiographic artifacts as arrhythmia. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2002;25(7):1149

Bjerregaard P. Misdiagnosis of 5-year-old child with syncope and atrial flutter. PACE 2009;32(10):1360

Bjerregaard P. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Short QT Syndrome Are Badly Founded. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011;58:549-550

Aslanger E, Bjerregaard P. Mystery of “bizarre electrocardiogram” solved. J. Elctrocardiol 2011; 44:810-811

Book Chapters:

Bjerregaard P. Ambulatory Electrocardiography. Boye E, Woodings DF et al. Symposium on arrhythmias. Roussel 1979.

Bjerregaard P. Prevalence and variability of cardiac arrhythmias in healthy subjects. Chamberlain DA, Kulbertus H, Mogensen L, et al. Cardiac arrhythmias in the active population. ASTRA 1980.

Bjerregaard P. Unterscheidung Zwischen “normal” und “anormal” beim Dauer-EKG. Schlepper M, Olson B, et al. Kardiale Rhythmusstorungen. Berlin, Springer Verlag 1983.

Bjerregaard P. Incidencia y signification clinica de las bradiarritmias en individuos sanos. Revista Latina de Cardiologica, 1983.

Bjerregaard P. Differenciation entre ce qui est “normal” et “anormal” en electrocardiographie ambulatoire. L’information Cardiologique 1983;7:9-20.

Bjerregaard P. “Prevalence and Magnitude of ST-segment and T-wave abnormalities in healthy adult subjects during ambulatory electrocardiography.” Marchcsi C, Ambulatory Monitoring. Nighoff Publishing 1984;114-118.

Bjerregaard P. El Ritmo Cardiaco en la Poblacion Normal. Cosin J, Bayes de Luna A, Cirera RG, Cabades A eds. Diagnostico Tratamiento de las Arritmias Cardiacas, Ediciones Doyma, 1988.

Bjerregaard P. Use of Pacemakers in Older Persons. Kaiser FE, Morley JE, Coe RM. Cardiovascular Disease in Older People. Springer Publishing Company 1997.

Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Bjerregaard P. ECG Phenomena of the Early Ventricular Repolarization. In: Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Hammill SC, Shen W-K, Bjerregaard P, eds Cardiac Repolarization. Bridging Basic and Clinical Science (1st Edition), New Jersey: Humana Press, 2003;407-425

Gussak I, Antzelevitch C Goodman D, Bjerregaard P. Short QT interval: ECG Phenomenon and Clinical Syndrome. In: Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Hammill SC, Shen W-K, Bjerregaard P, eds Cardiac Repolarization. Bridging Basic and Clinical Science (1st Edition), New Jersey: Humana Press, 2003;497-505

Bjerregaard P. Devices in the Management of Arrhythmias. In: Rao PS, Kern MJ, eds. Catheter Based Devices for the Treatment of Non-coronary Cardiovascular Disease in Adults and Children (1st Edition), Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2003;475-481

Gussak I. Bjerregaard P. History of the Brugada Syndrome. Antzelevitch C, Brugada P, Brugada J, Brugada R, eds. The Brugada Syndrome: From Bench to Bedside. Blackwell Futura. 2005;23-25

Bjerregaard P, El-Shafei A. Cardiac Pacemakers. Johnson FE, Virgo KS eds. The Bionic Patient: Health Promotion for People With Implanted Prosthetic Devices. Humana Press 2006:633-644

Bjerregaard,P Diagnostic Electrocardiography.Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, eds. Electrical Diseases of the Heart. Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention. Springer 2008:331-343

Bjerregaard, P, Gussak I. Short QT Syndrome. Gussak I, Antzelevitch C. eds. Electrical Diseases of the Heart. Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention. Springer 2008:554-563

Bjerregaard P., Gussak I. Short QT Syndrome. Gussak I, Antzelevitch C. eds. Electrical Diseases of the Heart, Springer 2013 (Volume 1):569-581

Bjerregaard P. Diagnostic Electrocardiography. Gussak I, Antzelevitch C. eds. Electrical Diseases of the Heart. Springer 2013 (Volume 2):145-157

Last updated: 04/02/2014

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